Deciphering the ancient universe with gamma-ray bursts

Terrsa, Kyoto, Japan, 19-23 April 2010 by Nobuyuki Kawai

Publisher: American Institute of Physics in Melville, N.Y

Written in English
Published: Pages: 514 Downloads: 912
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Subjects:

  • Gamma ray bursts,
  • Origin,
  • Congresses

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Other titlesDeciphering the ancient universe with gamma ray bursts
Statementeditors, Nobuyuki Kawai, Shigehiro Nagataki
SeriesAIP conference proceedings -- 1279, AIP conference proceedings -- no. 1279.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQB471.7.B85 D43 2010
The Physical Object
Paginationxvi, 514 p. :
Number of Pages514
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25060431M
ISBN 100735408297
ISBN 109780735408296
LC Control Number2010911791
OCLC/WorldCa681711734

Gamma-Ray Bursts: The brightest explosions in the Universe (Springer Praxis Books Astronomy and Planetary Sciences) Gilbert Vedrenne, Jean-Luc Atteia. Categories: Understanding Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts (Springer Praxis Books Popular Astronomy) Alain Mazure, Stephane Basa.   The energy released from a gamma ray burst is equivalent to a hundred trillion nuclear weapons going off every second for a hundred billion years. They can reduce planets to vapor.   Ancient sky watchers saw the heavens as a kind of cosmic sculpture garden, eternal and unchanging. But modern astronomers who study huge explosions called gamma ray bursts .   Astronomical ‘Rosetta Stone’ to Change Our Understanding of the Universe. Astronomers had some evidence linking short gamma-ray bursts and kilonovae with neutron star mergers, Berger says.

Book Description: Gamma-ray bursts are the brightest--and, until recently, among the least understood--cosmic events in the universe. Discovered by chance during the cold war, these evanescent high-energy explosions confounded astronomers for decades. Gamma-ray bursts are the brightest—and, until recently, among the least understood—cosmic events in the universe. Discovered by chance during the cold war, these evanescent high-energy explosions confounded astronomers for decades. But a rapid ser. The Universe is an American documentary television series that features computer-generated imagery and computer graphics of astronomical objects in the universe plus interviews with experts who study in the fields of cosmology, astronomy, and program is produced by Flight 33 Productions and Workaholic of episodes: 88 (List of episodes). Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs) are flashes of gamma rays associated with extremely energetic explosions in distant are the most luminous electromagnetic events known to occur in the can last from milliseconds to several minutes, although a typical burst lasts a few seconds. The initial burst is usually followed by a longer-lived "afterglow" emitted at longer .

Scientists have recorded a gamma ray burst, describing the event—one of the most explosive and energetic in the universe—in unprecedented detail. Gamma ray bursts, or GRBs, come from newly.   With Erik Thompson, Alex Filippenko, Laura Danly, Clifford V. Johnson. This educational show explores many scientific questions and topics about the universe (Big Bang, the Sun, the planets, black holes, other galaxies, astrobiology etc.) through latest CGI, data and interviews with scientists/ All of the galaxies in the universe are like the raisins in the bread. Shop Windows to the Universe Science Store! The Fall issue of The Earth Scientist, which includes articles on student research into building design for earthquakes and a classroom lab on the composition of the Earth’s ancient atmosphere, is available in our online.   These journeys are combined with spectacular images of space. Using stunning high definition CGI, this program offers views of giant supernova, gamma ray bursts and recently discovered galaxies, and sheds light on the furthest reaches of the universe, just moments after its creation/5().

Deciphering the ancient universe with gamma-ray bursts by Nobuyuki Kawai Download PDF EPUB FB2

DECIPHERING THE ANCIENT UNIVERSE WITH GAMMA-RAY BURSTS. AIP Conference Proceedings, Volumepp. (AIPC Homepage) Publication Date: 10/ Origin: AIP: Keywords: gamma-ray sources (astronomical), intergalactic matter, star formation, redshift: PACS Keywords.

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the most luminous and violent explosions detectable out to the edge of the observable Universe. As soon as their cosmological origin was established, it became apparent that GRBs can serve as powerful probes of the high-redshift Universe.

We discuss the prospects for probing the ancient universe through high‐energy gamma‐ray from GRBs. UV intergalactic radiation fields (IRFs) during cosmic reionization can be probed through multi‐GeV spectral absorption features due to photon‐photon pair production.

Using different IRF models including Pop III stars and consistent with existing observations, we show that spectral Author: S. Inoue, R. Salvaterra, T. Choudhury, A. Ferrara, B. Ciardi, R. Schneider. Get this from a library. Deciphering the ancient universe with gamma-ray bursts: Terrsa, Kyoto, Japan, April [Nobuyuki Kawai; Shigehiro Nagataki;].

Deciphering the ancient universe with gamma-ray bursts: Terrsa, Kyoto, Japan, April [Nobuyuki Kawai; Shigehiro Nagataki;] -- "Readership: Researchers in GRBs; researchers in first generation stars, quasars and cosmology.

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the most luminous and violent explosions detectable out to the edge of the. Deciphering The Universe. Proudly powered by Weebly. Home Ancient Math Cosmolgy. Joshua S. Bloom's What Are Gamma Ray Bursts is the second book in the Princeton University Press Frontiers in Physics Series.

It shares the same concise and compact format as the earlier volume on the First Stars and Galaxies in the Universe, together with Deciphering the ancient universe with gamma-ray bursts book same annoyingly small type by: 8.

As the most powerful explosion that occurs in the universe, gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are one of the most exciting topics being studied in astrophysics. Creating more energy than the Sun does in its entire lifetime, GRBs create a blaze of light that will outshine every other object visible in the sky, enabling us to measure galaxies that are several million years old.

DECIPHERING THE ANCIENT UNIVERSE WITH GAMMA-RAY BURSTS. AIP Conference Proceedings, Volumepp. (AIPC Homepage) Publication Date: 10/ Origin: AIP: Keywords: gamma-ray sources (astronomical), redshift, star formation: PACS Keywords.

While the mystery of short-duration gamma-ray bursts is still being unraveled, the focus of studies for long-duration gamma-ray bursts has begun to change from understanding the origin of the bursts themselves (which is now fairly well-established) to using them as tools to understand the broader universe.

Book Description. Gamma-ray bursts are the brightest--and, until recently, among the least understood--cosmic events in the universe. Discovered by chance during the cold war, these evanescent high-energy explosions confounded astronomers for decades.

From the reviews: “In Gamma-Ray Bursts: The Brightest Explosions in the Universe, French gamma-ray astronomers Gilbert Vedrenne and Jean-Luc Atteia have summarized both the observational history and the theoretical understanding of GRBs through Throughout the book, each chapter is packed with references to the original papers .5/5(1).

"This book gives a balanced and up-to-date overview of the field of gamma-ray bursts, one that will be useful for astronomers, physicists, and other scientists.

Until now, there have been no books that I know of that deal with this subject for a broader audience of scientists and educated lay people."—Ralph A.M.J.

Wijers, University of Amsterdam. Astronomers have witnessed gamma-ray bursts (GRBs)—lasting from just fractions of a millisecond to several minutes—as the brightest explosions in the universe.

The blasts' lethal energy output shreds any nearby biological molecules, whether in a functioning organism or somewhere in a planet's environment. Models of the Universe. One of the first cosmological models was the geocentric model developed by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy.

Ptolemy's model of the Universe placed the Earth at the center with the sun and planets located in concentric crystal spheres surrounding Earth. These spheres rotated, causing the sun and planets to appear to rise and set. Gamma-ray bursts are among the most energetic and explosive events in the universe.

They are also short-lived, lasting from a few milliseconds to about a minute. This has made it tough for astronomers to observe a gamma-ray burst in detail.

Gamma-ray bursts were discovered in the late s, but only recently have most astronomers agreed that a large fraction of the bursts originate in the very distant, early Universe. In Deciphering the Ancient Universe with Gamma-Ray Bursts (pp.

(AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. The third interplanetary by: 1. New chapters cover X-ray emission processes, the interstellar medium, the Solar System, and gamma-ray bursts. The text is supported by over figures, with tables listing the properties of the sources, and more specialized technical points separated in by:   Gamma ray bursts (GRB) are the largest known explosions in the Universe; immensely powerful, quick to fade, but usually incredibly far away.

Astronomers with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory got lucky, though, when they analyzed a recent GRB and discovered it was only billion light-years away. Unraveling the mystery of Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) is a story filled with international intrigue, fantastic claims, serious back-tracking, and incremental improvements in our understanding of.

From the reviews: “In Gamma-Ray Bursts: The Brightest Explosions in the Universe, French gamma-ray astronomers Gilbert Vedrenne and Jean-Luc Atteia have summarized both the observational history and the theoretical understanding of GRBs through Throughout the book, each chapter is packed with references to the original papers.

One of the Universe's Most Powerful Events, researchers have made great strides in understanding these explosive bursts, but much of their nature. In this tour de force of the ultimate and extreme in astrophysics, renowned astrophysicist and author J.

Craig Wheeler takes us on a breathtaking journey to supernovae, black holes, gamma-ray bursts and adventures in hyperspace. This is no far-fetched science fiction tale, but an enthusiastic exploration of ideas at the cutting edge of current astrophysics.

There is strong evidence that some short-duration gamma-ray bursts occur in systems with no star formation and no massive stars, such as elliptical galaxies and galaxy halos. The favored theory for the origin of most short gamma-ray bursts is the merger of a binary system consisting of two neutron stars.

directly probing the early growth of supermassive black holes in the universe and the relation between the formation of early galaxies and black holes.

Absorption spectra of these quasars trace the evolution of intergalactic medium (IGM). Currently, more than 60 quasars have been discovered at z >including about 30 at z > by: 1.

Understanding the Universe evidence for liquid water on ancient Mars, the discovery of many small bodies beyond Neptune in our Solar System, the detection of numerous planets around other stars, the nonzero mass of ghostly neutrinos, enormously powerful gamma-ray bursts, the conclusive evidence for a supermassive black hole in the center of.

in: deciphering the ancient universe with gamma-ray bursts. International Symposium Deciphering the Ancient Universe with Gamma-Ray Bursts; APR. There are two types of bursts.

Some are short, lasting less than 2 seconds. Others are longer, bursting for as long as seconds. We now think that all Gamma Ray Bursts come from the creation of black holes in distant galaxies.

The two types of bursts come from two different ways to make a black hole. Gamma-ray bursts are usually classified through their high-energy emission into short-duration and long-duration bursts. A third intermediate group has been identified on statistical grounds but its individual properties have not yet been studied in : A.

De Ugarte Postigo, I. Horváth, P. Veres, Z. Bagoly, D. Kann, C. Thöne, L. Balazs, P. D'A. Take a tour of the cosmic hot zones–black holes, galaxy mergers, gamma ray bursts and magnetars. Super massive black holes can literally “lasso” the Earth out of the solar system.International Symposium "Deciphering the Ancient Universe with Gamma-Ray Bursts" - Kyoto Duration: Apr 19 → Apr Other.

GRB nucleosynthesis in dwarf galaxies. / Shigeyama, T.; Nakamura, K.; Tsujimoto, T.; Moriya, T. International Symposium "Deciphering the Ancient Universe with Gamma-Ray Bursts" Y2 - 19 April through Cited by: 2.Open Library is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published.